Kidney – Functions, Cause of Kidney Stones, Homeopathic / Home Made Natural Treatment / Remedy for Kidney Stones
Kidneys are one of the most important organs in humans. Kidneys are about the size of a bean (4 – 5 inches) located behind the abdomen and close to the spine.
Kidneys main function is to regulate and filter the blood. Each kidney contains millions of nephrons which are responsible for filtering the blood waste. Kidneys are so complex that scientist hasn’t figured out on how to repair or replicate them in patients with severe kidney dysfunctions. Several times a day, blood passes through the kidney for filtration, where kidneys remove waste, regulate electrolytes and maintain the pH of the body fluids. Kidneys excrete waste such as urea and ammonium which helps in the re absorption of water, glucose and amino acids. The urine created in the kidneys is passed on to the pelvis which acts as a funnel to drain tubes (ureter) connected to the bladder.
No Insurance Treatment: Before affordable care act this has been a great problem as many people did not have a proper health insurance plan. So when they suffer from a disease like this treatment gets very costly without health insurance coverage. So it is a very essential thing to enroll into Obama Care (Affordable Care Act) and get a good health insurance plan so that you don’t have to burn through your hard earned savings for health treatments. Affordable care act enables you to get a good health insurance coverage plan according to your income. But if you don’t have health insurance coverage you can still get treatment from a hospital and pay them in installments. As long as you keep paying installments regularly their wont be any problems. If you don’t have any source of income and money is tight you can always apply for charity. But first to be eligible for charity you have to apply for medicare. If you are refused for medicare by the state and federal Government, then hospital can pay your bills using charity.
Sometimes in the process of excreting waste kidneys develop kidney stones which are harmful in nature but could be extremely painful and may develop repeatedly. Kidney stones are a solid mass or concentration formed in the kidneys due to minerals in the urine.
Cause of Kidney Stones
It may not sound as one of the major factor in developing kidney stones but in reality majority of the kidney stones are indeed due to dehydration. The modern diet is high in animal protein, fructose, and refined sugar, high in sodium, apple juice and grape juice which in turn lead to dehydration increasing the risk for developing kidney stones.
People who develop kidney stones, about 20% have medullary sponge kidney.
If the kidney stones are developed on a repeated basis, screening is recommended for signs of Crohn’s disease because kidney stones are most common for such disease. A urine sample is analyzed within 24 hours of kidney stone formation to find features that are promoting kidney stone formation.
Calcium oxalate is the most common component of kidney stone developed. There are some studies that suggest that taking higher amount of supplemental calcium not dietary supplements have higher risk of developing kidney stones. Some studies done on women dating back to early 1990’s suggest that taking supplemental calcium of 1000mg or more could lead to higher risk of developing kidney stones up to 17%. The patients were studied over a period of 7 years. On the contrary, dietary calcium seems to reduce the risk of developing kidney stones because calcium is responsible for binding with oxalate in the digestive gastrointestinal tract. In 2004 study, low calcium diets, high oxalate diets and low fluid intakes seems to be the primary factor of kidney stone formation.
Don’t be fooled by thinking that calcium is the only culprit in developing kidney stones. Other electrolytes such as high dietary sodium, still highly debatable tap fluoridated water could also lead to increased risk of kidney stone formation. Low potassium diet as well could lead to kidney stone formation because potassium binds with citrate in the urinary excretion which is also responsible for kidney stone formation. Lower dietary magnesium seems to be another factor in kidney stone formation.
Supplemental vitamins do not seem to affect the formation of kidney stones. There are several studies resulting in inconclusive conclusion whether vitamin C or D increase or decrease the chances of developing kidney stones.
Excess animal protein leads to increase risk of developing kidney stones. It is especially true for western countries where majority diet is composed of animal protein. A lot of acid is created that increases urinary excretion of uric acid and calcium. The excessive amount of amino acids, uric acid from animal proteins acidifies which leads to formation of kidney stones. High animal protein diet also leads to low citrate formation which also increases the risk of kidney stone formation. Since vegetarian diet is high in citrate, kidney stone formation does not seem to be a major problem in people with vegetarian diet.
Kidney Stone Symptoms
Here are some of the symptoms which you may experience with the movement of stone in your kidney or when it passes into the Ureter which is the tube that connects your kidney to the bladder.
- You may feel severe pain on the side and back.
- Pain while urination.
- You may feel pain in waves and it will fluctuate in its intensity.
- The color of the urine may change to pink, red or brown.
- The pain will grow towards lower abdomen and groin.
- You may feel nauseated and vomit.
- Frequent urge to urinate.
- If there is any presence of infection due to the kidney stone you may feel fever and chills.
Home Remedies for Passing Kidney Stones
- As calcium oxalate are considered a major factor in the formation of kidney stone, so try to decrease the intake of diets which are rich in oxalate like: Vegetables such as spinach, Swiss chard, beets (root part), beet greens (leaf part), collards, okra, parsley, leeks and quinoa are among the most oxalate-dense vegetables.
- Keeping your body well hydrated, drinking more than 6 to 8, eight ounce glasses of water every day will help in reducing the formation of kidney stones.
- Reducing meat consumption and some types of fish by individuals who have high level of uric acid formation may help reduce and prevent the formation of kidney stones. Always check the over-the-counter calcium based antacids. Overuse of such antacids will increase the stone formation in your kidney.Magnesium rich diets like whole-wheat bread also helps in prevention of the stone formation. If you eat a diet which provides you with adequate amount of magnesium, kidney stones formation can be put to and end, according to a study.
- Keeping your sodium consumption in check is also very important to prevent this condition.
- Diets like milk which are rich in Vitamin B6 and Vitamin also help a lot. Vitamin A is very essential for the proper functioning and health of your urinary tract.
Here are some herbal and homeopathic medicines which may help in the treatment and easing the pain caused by the kidney stones ===> Herbal, Homeopathic Kidney Stones Remedies Medicines
1. Calcium oxalate and phosphate.
2. Uric Acid.
What are UTI Or urinary tract infections?
Sometimes these infections are mistaken for kidney stones but their symptoms are different. If you have a urinary tract infection there will be a strong urge to urinate which will be followed by a sharp pain or sensation of burning inside the urethra afterwards. Mostly there will be very little urine output and often it is tinged with blood.The frequency of this urge to urinate may be very high and the lower abdomen, back, or sides may feel sore. If you have UTI / Urinary Tract Infection, that may be accompanied by other symptoms like back pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and chills.
Kidney Stones Treatment Options:
For the kidney stones which are less than 1/4 inch (or 5mm) in diameter the best options are pain killers to suppress the pain, without any other medical intervention. Such kidney stones are likely to pass on their own. But if they grow larger than that other options have to be used for taking out these stones.
1. Lithotripsy: Extracorporeal shock wave lithrotripsy (ESWL) is used for breaking the kidney stone into small fragments. Lithotripsy which means crushing stone is a one to three hour process. The kidney stone is first located by an X-Ray and then the high energy waves are focused on the exact point of kidney stone location, which is broken down into smaller fragments which pass through the body over a period of time. For carrying out this process the patient is anesthetized and suspended in the tank of water, which has been replaced by enclosed bag of water placed in direct contact with the patient’s body so that the shock waves can be transferred without actual immersion into the water. In this process 3000 lithrotripsy shock waves vibrate the kidney stone and it is shattered into smaller fragments. But the most common calcium oxalate type kidney stones are very hard to fragment as they are extremely hard. Also for complex larger stone cases more than one treatment of lithotripsy may be needed.
2. Ureteroscopy: The instrument known as ureteroscope is a long tube which has an eyepiece. It is used for the search and retrieval of the kidney stones or fragmenting it using laser. Anesthesia is performed before doing this procedure for the kidney stone treatment. After the patient has been given anesthesia, a urologist slides the ureteroscope into the patients urethra, after which a scope is inserted through the bladder and inside the ureter. The stone is then removed. But if the kidney stone is too large it is then broken up into small pieces by using a laser generator which is attached to a flexible fiber.
3. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: For this procedure of finding and removing kidney stones, a very fine wire like instrument, nephroscope, is used. Anesthesia is done before performing Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. A small incision is made in the patient’s back, after which a tube is inserted into the kidney. If the kidney stone is too large, then a ultrasonic probe may be inserted so that acting as a lithotripter it can fragment the stone by delivery of shock waves. After the procedure of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy the patient has to stay at the hospital. A nephrostomy tube may also be placed through the skin into the kidney so that urine and any residual stone fragments from the kidney can be drained into a urine collection bag. This tube may stay for 2 to 3 days.
Test and diagnosis for determining the presence and size of kidney stones:
1. Imaging Tests: The test which is preferred for determining the presence of kidney stones is noncontrast spiral computed tomography (CT) scan. Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is a test in which a dye is injected into your arm vein and when it travels to kidneys and bladder, X-Ray is done. The X-Ray will reveal any stones present in the urinary tract. Abdominal X-ray (KUB) will provide the picture of the kidneys, bladder and tubes which are connecting kidneys to the bladder (ureters). Ultrasound exam for detecting kidney stones (ultrasonogram) is also becoming a preferred choice for the physicians as it is cheaper and provides results as good as other expensive diagnosis. Blood tests can also be done which may be helpful in the determination of the type of kidney stones, as it may help in revealing calcium or uric acid in your blood. Urine tests in which the urine is collected for 24 hours and analyzed for high concentration of minerals which may be the reason for the formation. Lab analysis of the kidney stones which have been passed by the patient, can help the doctor to make a plan for the prevention of their occurrences.